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Most Common Eating Disorders

young woman with only a single piece of broccoli on her plate demonstrating one of the most common eating disorders

Eating disorders are often misunderstood. They are serious mental health conditions that can have severe psychological and physiological implications. Disordered eating is not merely about food but manifests as a complex interplay of control, self-esteem, and perception issues affecting individuals’ overall well-being. While most people have heard of common eating disorders like anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa, there are lesser-known conditions that are just as dangerous.

Connections Wellness Group offers comprehensive outpatient mental health treatment, including an eating disorder treatment program in Forth Worth, Texas. Our experienced, compassionate staff is ready to help you or a loved one address any eating disorders and associated mental health issues. Call 940.360.4245 to learn more or get started with treatment.

The Impact of Eating Disorders on Mental and Physical Health

Eating disorders can significantly impact an individual’s mental and physical health. A wide range of psychological and physiological consequences, some quite severe, arise when eating disorders go untreated.

Psychological Complications

  1. Anxiety and depression – Individuals with eating disorders often grapple with co-existing anxiety and depressive disorders.
  2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) – Eating disorders and OCD frequently occur together, with individuals obsessing over food, diet, and body image.
  3. Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) – This condition involves an individual perceiving flaws in their physical appearance that may not exist or are minor, leading to a distorted body image.
  4. Suicidal ideation – In severe cases, individuals may have suicidal thoughts or engage in self-harm due to the emotional distress caused by their eating disorder.
  5. Social isolation – People with eating disorders may withdraw from social activities, leading to feelings of loneliness and isolation.
  6. Low self-esteem – A distorted body image and societal pressure can contribute to low self-esteem and self-worth in individuals with eating disorders.

Physiological Complications

  1. Malnutrition – Prolonged malnourishment can lead to various health issues, including anemia, hormonal imbalances, and weakened immune function.
  2. Heart problems – Severe eating disorders can cause low blood pressure, slow heart rate, and heart failure due to inadequate nutrition.
  3. Bone loss – Eating disorders can lead to osteopenia or osteoporosis due to calcium and vitamin D deficiencies.
  4. Kidney damage – Persistent vomiting or excessive use of laxatives can cause electrolyte imbalance, leading to kidney damage or failure.
  5. Gastrointestinal issues – Eating disorders can cause a variety of digestive problems, including constipation, bloating, and acid reflux.
  6. Fertility issues – In women, eating disorders can disrupt the menstrual cycle, leading to fertility problems.

These mental and physical outcomes can be quite severe or even life-threatening. Seeking professional behavioral health treatment for common eating disorders like anorexia or bulimia or lesser-known disorders like pica is crucial.

Common Types of Eating Disorders

Some of the more common types of eating disorders include the following:

  • Anorexia nervosa – Characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image, individuals with anorexia nervosa typically restrict their food intake to the point of self-starvation. This disorder can lead to severe malnutrition and other health problems.
  • Bulimia nervosa – This disorder involves cycles of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors such as forced vomiting, fasting, excessive exercise, or misuse of laxatives. Bulimia nervosa can result in gastrointestinal problems and severe electrolyte imbalance.
  • Binge eating disorder – Individuals with this disorder frequently consume large amounts of food but do not engage in compensatory behaviors, as seen in bulimia nervosa. This disorder often leads to obesity and related health problems.
  • Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) – Unlike other eating disorders, ARFID is not driven by weight or body shape concerns. Instead, individuals with ARFID experience disturbed eating due to sensory sensitivity, fear of choking, or lack of interest in food. This disorder can result in nutritional deficiencies and weight loss.
  • Pica – This disorder involves an individual consuming non-food items, such as dirt or hair. Pica can result in serious health complications due to the ingestion of non-nutritive substances.

Whatever the type of disordered eating, seeking professional behavioral health treatment to address the symptoms and underlying issues is essential.

Treatment of Eating Disorders

Mental health professionals play a crucial role in the treatment of eating disorders. A comprehensive treatment plan may involve therapy, medication, and support groups.

  • Therapy – Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), family-based therapy, and other forms of psychotherapy can help individuals with eating disorders address the underlying psychological issues and develop healthier coping mechanisms.
  • Medication management – In some cases, psychiatric medications may be used in conjunction with therapy.
  • Support Groups – Peer support can provide a safe space for individuals to share their experiences and learn from others who are going through similar struggles.

It is vital to seek help if you or someone you know is struggling with an eating disorder. Early intervention can significantly improve the chances of recovery and prevent long-term health complications. Remember, there is no shame in seeking help, and recovery is always possible.

Contact Connections Wellness Group Today

Whether you are struggling with a common eating disorder like anorexia or bulimia or a more obscure condition like pica, Connections Wellness Group can help. We offer outpatient mental health treatment through a partial hospitalization program (PHP), intensive outpatient program (IOP), and virtual telehealth options.

Call 940.360.4245 or reach out online to discuss treatment options, verify insurance, or address any questions or concerns you have. The important thing is to seek help and start on the road to recovery and enhanced well-being.